Today’s seat of the Arbeiterkammer Wien (Vienna Chamber of Labor) at Prinz-Eugen-Straße 20-22 housed the palais of banking family Rothschild until 1954. From 1938 on it was used as the seat of the agency that under Adolf Eichmann first organized the displacement and robbing of the Austrian Jewish population, and later their deportation: the “Zentralstelle für Jüdische Auswanderung”.
After the First World War the workers’ movement not only managed to achieve enormous social-political improvements. Other major accomplishments were co-determination in companies and the establishment of Arbeiterkammern (Chambers of Labor), which meant an internationally almost unique institutionalization. One project illuminates this process, as well as its history and consequences from a “bottom-up” perspective.
Jews were an important group of supporters of the Austrian as well as the European workers’ movement. Previous research had focused on individual prominent figures such as Victor and Friedrich Adler, Otto Bauer or Käthe Leichter. This project attempts to add to this by addressing Jewish activists in the form of a group biography.